In this episode of the History in Five Minutes Podcast, we look at the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks. Most people only know about the event thanks to the immortal song “Istanbul, not Constantinople” by They Might Be Giants, but they don’t know who the fighters were on each side or why it is a historically significant event. The first question is easy to answer – the Byzantine Greeks fought the Ottoman Turks. The second question is more difficult, but suffice it to say that some historians have good reasons for arguing that May 29, 1453 marks the day that the Middle Ages ended. We will cover all of this…. in 6 minutes!